Types of Civil Lawsuits

Civil litigation is a process which enables you to use court to resolve a private dispute. It constitutes a useful tool for individuals, businesses and other entities to receive some kind of compensation or to demand a certain action from somebody. Criminal cases concern violation of a criminal statute and can end up with imprisonment or fines. All cases which are not criminal prosecutions are civil litigations. In the article you will find what kind of civil litigation you can be involved in.

1. Personal injury and tort civil litigation

When a person is injured because of somebody’s negligence, carelessness etc., he or she can go to court so as to demand some form of compensation. These are usually various vehicle accidents, slip and fall injuries, injuries caused by faulty products and other accidents in which the plaintiff got injured through someone’s fault.

2. Divorce and family law cases

Family relationships are very often the source of various conflicts, thus, this type of a case is quite common. Many people have some experiences (often very unpleasant and traumatic) in this area. Such cases mostly concern divorce, separation, child custody, violence or support.

3. Civil litigations arising from contracts

In a situation when one of the parties to a contract does not act according to the contact’s terms, the disadvantaged party can file a breach of contract claim. In this way, the plaintiff can obtain either a financial compensation for the fault or the judge can order the defendant to fulfill the agreement conditions (it is called a specific performance). As in this example: when you want to buy a house which is considered unique or is situated in a unique location and you are not satisfied with financial compensation for seller’s refusal to convey title under a contract of sale, you can go to court so as to receive the specific performance which would mean that the defendant would have to sell the house to you.

4. Landlord and tenant disputes

In this case, common problems may concern evictions or infracting lease terms by one of the sides of the conflict. Landlord and tenant conflicts can arise from many reasons such as missed payments, causing damages, tenant demanding certain services and others. All these can be successfully solved in court.

5. Disputes over real property

Help of a judge can be needed also in the case of problems like property line conflicts, ownership rights, title claims or trespassing. This type of a case can be useful not only when someone would like to receive financial compensation for damages, but also when someone needs a judge to grant an injunction so as to avoid future problems. This is clearly seen on the example of trespassing when an owner needs court’s help to protect his property from an unwanted trespasser who insists on his right to enter the property.